The first census of New South Wales was taken in November 1828. Its purpose was to record all inhabitants of the colony, both convicts and free settlers. Censuses were taken in 1833, 1836, 1841, 1846, 1851, 1856, and 1861. Beginning in 1901 they were conducted once every ten years, however few of them still exist. The 1828 census is the only complete Australian census that has survived to present day.
All inhabitants of New South Wales were to be enumerated in the 1841 NSW census. Each householder, employer of servants, and proprietor or occupier of land was to complete the census on March 2nd. Replies were to be inserted by the householder, if able to write, otherwise replies could be written in by the collector.
Other census type records were compiled for New South Wales beginning in 1788, primarily in the form of muster lists and convict registers. These records are great census-substitutes when actual censuses do not exist.
View the listing for Famous convict Mary Wade, New South Wales and Tasmania Convict Musters 1806-1849